THE PROBLEM OF ENDOCRINE DISRUGGERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Keywords:pesticides, endocrine disruptors, health hazard, morbidity, mortality
Objectives. There are environmental factors and risks associated with human exposure to synthetic chemicals, and there is growing concern due to the health risks posed by endocrine disruptors. In this regard, the aim and objectives of the study were to identify the endocrine disrupting phytosanitary agents used in agriculture in the Republic of Moldova, the levels of their use and their contamination of agricultural products and surface waters used for drinking water supply, as well as to assess the morbidity and mortality of the population caused by endocrine disruptors.
Materials and methods. An analysis was made of the level of use in agriculture of the Republic of Moldova of phytosanitary products, including chemicals that disrupt the functioning of the endocrine system. The levels of pollution of agricultural products and surface waters of the Dniester and Prut rivers by endocrine disruptors were studied. The morbidity and mortality of the population of the Republic of Moldova from endocrine diseases were studied.
Results. The population of the Republic of Moldova is exposed to a wide range of phytosanitary chemicals, including those that disrupt the functioning of the endocrine system, contained in agricultural products and in the surface waters of the Dniester and Prut rivers. The content of endocrine disruptors in fruits, vegetables and cereals ranged from 1,2 to 6,0 maximum allowable levels.
A tendency of 2,2-fold increase in the prevalence rate of endocrine diseases, including diabetes mellitus 1,9-fold, as well as population mortality from diabetes mellitus more than 2-fold in the years of COVID-19 pandemic was revealed.
Conclusions. Understanding the presence of health risk factors from endocrine disruptors will help to apply a number of effective preventive measures aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality from endocrine diseases.
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