CHEMICAL HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH PESTICIDES MANAGEMENT
Keywords:chemical hazards, intensity of use, phytosanitary products, intoxication
Objectives. The study presents the estimation of the use level of phytosanitary products in the Republic of Moldova, during the years 2012-2019, and their impact on the population health. The aim of this scientific study is to assess the possible chemical risks during the management of phytosanitary products within national agriculture and their impact on human health.
Materials and methods. The analyzed statistical data, provided by the territorial Public Health Centers, according to the statistical form nr. 2 “Report on the stock and use of phytosanitary products” in the Republic of Moldova, for the period 2012-2019, nr. 18. "Statistical report regarding on state surveillance and control of public health in the district, municipality". Additionally, were evaluated the annual statistical reports of the Republic of Moldova for the period 2012-2018.
Results. The mean value of the intensity of use of phytosanitary products was 1.59 kg/ha. As a result of the comparative analysis of the North, Center and South country regions, during the years 2012-2019, in the northern region of the country was found an increased intensity of phytosanitary products, with a mean value of 1,85 kg/ha, the high level was registered in Strășeni district with a value of 4.66 kg/ha. Inadequate management of phytosanitary products generate acute chemical intoxication and other serious consequences on the health of the population.
Conclusion. It is necessary to carry out a study to establish the correlation between management of the phytosanitary products at all stages with indicators of morbidity and mortality, including continuous monitoring of management of the phytosanitary products to minimize the negative impact on public health.
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