HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT – ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROBLEMS OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Keywords:health, environment, science development, hygiene departments, public health
Objectives. Over the years, hygienic scientists of the Republic of Moldova have accumulated important scientific achievements in the field of population health, in relation with environmental and occupational risk factors, with a considerable impact on society. The aim of the study was to evaluate the achievements in the field of environmental and occupational health in the Republic of Moldova.
Materials and methods. International and domestic problems and achievements in the field of health and the environment were studied and analyzed, performing an advanced search of the specialized literature.
Results and discussions. Through the article below are presented the scientific achievements of hygienic scientists from the Republic of Moldova, in the hygiene of the environment department, including the occupational environment, during the years after the Second World War. In the mentioned fields have contributed the scientists of the hygiene departments of the State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", of the scientific laboratories of the former Moldovan Institute of Scientific Research in Hygiene and Epidemiology, of the National Center for Public Health. The research was conducted in the context of the objectives of international organizations (World Health Organization, International Organization of Labour, United Nations).Based on the materials of the scientific researches, were defended habilitated doctoral theses, multiple doctoral theses, also were published, monographs, guides, methodical recommendations, manuals, articles, etc. The results obtained were implemented in practice. Based on scientific research, a series of hygienic regulations, methodical recommendations, orders of the Ministry of Health, Government Decisions, draft Laws of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, etc. were developed. Hygienic scientists have made an indisputable contribution to the implementation of organizational reforms and advanced methods of preventive and current surveillance of public health and determinants in accordance with the provisions of the National Health Policy and the requirements of World Health Organization and European Union.
Conclusions. The main task of the State Public Health Surveillance Service, at present, is to further develop hygienic science, implement organizational reforms and advanced methods of preventive and current surveillance of public health and determinants in accordance with the provisions National Health Policy and with the requirements of World Health Organization and European Union, further improvement of the didactic-methodical process, elaboration and implementation of modern policies in public health.
Copyright (c) 2020 Arta Medica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.