REDUCING INTAKE OF FOODS HIGH IN SALT, SUGAR, SATURATED AND TRANS FATTY ACIDS IN KAZAKHSTAN IS THE KEY TO HEALTH
Keywords:non-communicable diseases, salt, sugar, fatty acids
Introduction. Excess consumption of trans fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, salt and sugar contributes to the development of noncommunicable diseases.
The purpose of the work. Study of actual consumption of energy and some nutritional risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in high school students in Kazakhstan and development of appropriate preventive measures.
Materials and methods. In 28 schools located in urban and rural areas of 7 regions of Kazakhstan, the consumption of energy and nutrients by 1344 schoolchildren of 8-11 grades was studied. The research was made by the method of 24-hour reproduction of food consumption.
Results. An excessive intake of alimentary risk factors was established in comparison with World Health Organization recommendations. Thus, in Kazakhstan, as well as on a global scale, excessive consumption of these substances is one of the important nutritional risk factors for the development and prevalence of noncommunicable diseases. Two versions of recommendations were developed to reduce the consumption of these substances. It is also recommended to develop, adopt at the state level and put into practice the National Program for the Prevention of noncommunicable diseases in Kazakhstan, which includes a set of measures to limit the consumption of mentioned nutritional risk factors, including by schoolchildren.
Conclusion. The problem of nutritional risk factors for noncommunicable diseases is relevant for Kazakhstan. Two variants of recommendations for reducing the consumption of these substances have been developed. It is necessary also to develop and put into practice the National Program for the Prevention of noncommunicable diseases.
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