EVALUATION OF THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE SCHOOL-STUDENTS OF THE PRE-UNIVERSITY INSTITUTIONS FROM THE CHIȘINĂU MUNICIPALITY
Keywords:children's and adolescents' health, students' health, risk factors
Objectives. Official statistics suggest that the Republic of Moldova started the 21st century with a sharp deterioration in the health of all socio-demographic groups of the population, and non-communicable diseases are the biggest burden. For the sustainable development of the society, it is necessary to provide optimal protection for the development of the child throughout the period of growth and development. The aim of the study is to assess the health of students of pre-university institutions in relation to the conditions of training and nutrition in pre-university education institutions.
Material and methods. A retrospective epidemiological study was performed to describe the morbidity of students in pre-university education institutions, the hygienic conditions of training and nutrition. The observation period includes the years 1990-2018. The statistical processing includes the calculation of the central values, the standard deviations and the error of the average value, the determination of the growth rate and tempo.
Results and discussions. The structure of health disorders, detected during prophylactic medical examinations, is dominated by decreased visual acuity (19.8-26.6‰), followed by physical retardation (10.1-14.8‰), posture disorders (7.1-8.5‰) and speech defects (5.8-7.5‰). High levels of general morbidity in schoolchildren are characteristic of respiratory diseases (J00-J99) – 97.4±8.78‰, endocrine diseases, malnutrition and metabolism (E00-E90) – 48.3±7.72‰, diseases eye and its appendages (H00-H59) – 41.3±22.60‰ and for parasitic diseases (B65-B83) – 40.3±6.73‰. Among the identified risk factors are insufficient lighting and inadequate furniture.
Conclusions. Negative trends in the health of students, over the past 30 years, require the development of policy, intersectoral measures to promote and strengthen their health, with their prioritization in the short, medium and long term.
Copyright (c) 2020 Arta Medica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.