THE INFLUENCE OF BORON-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS ON CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH
Keywords:cardiovascular diseases, boron, boron compounds
Objectives. Boron is a biological trace element which can be find in different natural compounds, but there is substantial and growing support for it to be classified as an essential nutrient for animals and humans. Previous studies suggest an active involvement of boron-containing compounds in the mediation of several biological reactions in the body, as inflammation and oxidative stress, which can influence occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and can amplify the risk factor impact. Although, the exact role of boron-containing compounds on human body has not yet been established, this work aims to study existing results with a special focus on cardiovascular health. The aim of this study was to review the literature and to detect the possible influence of boron compounds on cardiovascular health.
Materials and methods. We made an analysis of more than 150 bibliographic sources that highlighted the boron and its compounds functions, and their impact on cardiovascular risk factors.
Results. We found out that the most important compounds for human health are boron esters which can be taken from plant-based food and can be used directly in human cellular metabolism. These compounds have the ability to modulate a response to cardiovascular risk factors, such as oxidative stress and inflammation, but also can influence dyslipidemia, type II diabetes, smoking and obesity.
Conclusions. Current studies suggest that a rich boron plant-based diet can have a potential cardioprotective effect and can be involved in reducing of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
Copyright (c) 2020 Arta Medica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.