PARTICULARITIES OF THE MORBIDITY OF THE POPULATION THAT CONSUMES WATER FROM THE AQUEDUCTS FED BY THE PRUT RIVER
Keywords:water quality, population morbidity, Prut river aqueduct
Objectives. Ensuring the population with quality drinking water and sufficient quantities is one of the priority directions in the state's policy and actions in the field of health, which are under environmental impact, this being the only effective measure in the prophylaxis of water-borne diseases. The aim of the paper was to determine the impact of water quality in the aqueduct fed from the Prut River on the health of the population.
Materials and methods. In order to accomplish the tasks proposed in this research, epidemiological, hygienic and statistical methods were used. As object of study was the quality of water from the aqueducts, fed by the Prut River in the cities of Ungheni and Cahul, which was researched at 22 sanitary-chemical indices. The morbidity of the population, from the researched localities, was examined according to the personal medical records.
Results. The water in the aqueduct is characterized by a moderate mineralization (0,66 mg/m3), Ca cations prevail over Mg cations, the average hardness being 16,70G. There is also a deficiency of fluorine (0,065 mg/m3), but also of the concentrations of Fe and Cu ions, respectively, 0,01±0,002 and 0,02±0,002 mg/dm3. Indicators of organic pollution of water sources do not exceed the acceptable limits. The most common nosological forms, that can be directly or indirectly influenced by the quality of drinking water, are: diseases of the circulatory system – 701,9; diseases of the digestive system – 496,6; osteo-articular system – 287,7 cases per 1000 inhabitants.
Conclusions. The quality of the water from the aqueduct networks, fed from the Prut river, from the town Ungheni and Cahul, according to the sanitary-chemical indicators correspond to the norms in force. In the structure of population morbidity, the most common diseases are: diseases of the circulatory, digestive and osteo-articular system.
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