HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING AND LIVING CONDITIONS IN YOUNG ATHLETES
Keywords:young athletes, living conditions, training conditions, prevention
Objectives. Environmental factors, along with living and training conditions, behavioral factors and health care, play an important role in promoting and preserving the health of athletes. This article concerns the hygienic assessment of the organization of the training process, as well as training and living conditions of athletes.
Material and methods. The study was carried out on a group of 173 junior athletes, from Chișinău, Republic of Moldova, who play sports games (basketball, volleyball, handball, football, tennis), aged between 15-18 years. The used working tool was the questionnaire on the living and training conditions of junior athletes.
Results. It was found that 16.7% of tennis players and 9.1% of handball players rated the quality of the occupational environment as inadequate. 11.0% of respondents reported a tense psychological climate in the team. Among the athletes who reported a very tense psychological climate are football and handball players. Potential environmental risk factors were identified when assessing the living conditions of the athletes: living in the industrial area, near the high road, the presence of unpleasant smell.
Conclusions. Respecting the hygienic requirements, regarding the organization of the training process and ensuring adequate living and training conditions, have a basic role in the training of performance athletes. Thus, it becomes very important to organize activities to promote behavioral and lifestyle changes among athletes.
Copyright (c) 2020 Arta Medica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.